Beetroot cultivation is practised in various parts of India for a variety of purposes, including sugar, vegetables, medicine, fruit, juice, fodder, salad, pickle, and human disease prevention. Carrot, radish, sweet potato, and turnip, among others, produce this dark red tuberous fruit.
Beetroot contains 9-10% sugar, 1-2.5 per cent protein, magnesium, calcium, iodine, potassium, iron, vitamin-C, and vitamin-B in abundance. Beetroot is in high demand every year due to its high quality, and reasonable prices are also available, so farmer brothers should cultivate beetroot.
You can earn massive amounts of money if you farm at the right time and with the right information. So let’s talk about when and how to farm beets, beetroot prices, beetroot benefits, and much more.
How to Do Beetroot Cultivation?
If beetroot cultivation is done correctly and with care, it is possible to earn lakhs of rupees.
Climate and Soil Suitability
Because beetroot is a cold crop, it is best grown in a cold climate. The weather is ideal for sowing seeds in the field, with neither too much heat nor too much cold. As a result, it is successfully grown in the country’s hilly and temperate regions, and production is high.
In terms of soil, beetroot can be grown in any fertile soil, but for special fruiting, sandy loam and sandy loam are preferred, and water drainage should be adequate. The pH of the soil should be between 6 and 7.
Beetroots grow best in deep, well-drained soils and can be planted in light shade. Because beetroots have deep roots that can reach a depth of 36 to 48 inches, don’t plant them in areas where the tree’s roots are spread out or where another crop is growing alongside.
In an even climate, the sowing time for beetroot cultivation is considered to be. However, because there isn’t too much heat or cold, October is the best and most appropriate month.
Sowing occurs from the first week of October to January-February, depending on the climate of the country. Till the field soil to a depth of 8 to 10 inches. Use a plough or rotavator with a suitable tractor, such as the Swaraj 735, for this.
Keep in mind the varieties of beetroot that are prevalent in your place or which beetroot variety is in demand in the market when selecting the seed for sowing. Then, choose the species accordingly and sow it to earn a good profit.
- US – 9
- Detroit Dark Red
- U H 35
- Megan Poly
- There are varieties such as Ruby, Rani, and others that produce well.
Both the root and the apex of the beet are grown separately. Beets are primarily used in the sugar industry. Any top, however, can used for homemade pickles, vegetables, salads, juices, and so on.
Irrigation And Weeding
When it comes to irrigation, it all depends on the season and the weather. Irrigation should given every 10 to 12 days, depending on the crop’s demand for irrigation. Irrigation can be carried out using tractors such as the Swaraj 963.
When there is no rain, water the plants once a week, when the soil is moist enough, beetroot can grow to a height of 36 inches or more.
Weeding should done about 30 days after sowing in beetroot cultivation. Weeding and hoeing should done with caution after 15 to 20 days.
The two most common diseases in beetroot crops are first leaf borer disease and second stem or root rot disease.
To solve the problem of leaf borer disease in beetroot, uprooted plants should buried in the ground outside the field.
To prevent these diseases, spray an M 45 / hectare solution of 1 litre in 650 to 800 litres of water twice every 15 days.
Benefits and Earnings
After two months of cultivating sugar beet, the market has a reasonable demand/price. Because the majority of the country’s beetroot consumption/demand occurs in January-February, farmers growing in October can earn a good profit.
Benefits of Beetroot
Beetroot fruit is one of the world’s healthiest fruits. A diet high in nutrients is beneficial to our bodies in a variety of ways.
- It contains a variety of vitamins, including vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C, iron, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, and others.
- Strengthens the liver and improves overall health.
- Beetroot contains a substance that protects the body from diseases such as blood cancer.
- Drinking beetroot juice also helps to prevent problems such as constipation.
- Beetroot also alleviates irritability and fatigue in the body.
- Beetroot helps to strengthen the body’s muscles and boosts immunity.
- Beetroot also helps keep the body’s glucose levels stable and prevents diseases like shortness of breath.
- It greatly aids in the maintenance of the body’s blood pressure.
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