Sweet potato is classified as a tuber-class crop. Its plant grows both inside and outside the soil. Its plant grows and spreads outside the ground in the form of a vine. The majority of sweet potatoes are produced in China, where they are used in a variety of dishes. Sweet potato is a type of vegetable. Aside from that, people consume them in significant quantities by roasting and boiling them. When roasted and eaten, it has a very tasty flavour.
Sweet potatoes are grown in the same way that potatoes are. On the other hand, sweet potatoes have more starch and sweeteners than potatoes. Aside from that, sweet potatoes are high in vitamins. Furthermore, sweet potatoes serve as the primary fertiliser crop in arid regions. Sweet potato is beneficial to the human body in a variety of ways. There is also an increase in shine and hair growth on the face as a result of eating it. Aside from that, it is extremely beneficial in the treatment of heart disease.
The tropical climate is thought to be ideal for sweet potato cultivation. The best land for growing sweet potatoes is the sandy loam soil field. Sweet potatoes can be grown successfully at elevations of up to 1600 metres above sea level. It is less useful for cultivation during the winter months. Sweet potatoes can be grown in light acidic soils. Sweet potato cultivation is thought to be an excellent yielding crop for farmers.
If you want to make a good living by growing sweet potatoes, we will give you all the information you need today.
Sweet Potato Cultivation-Friendly Soil
Fertile land with adequate drainage is required for sweet potato cultivation. However, it is best to grow it in sandy loam soil for commercial production. Sweet potatoes should not be grown in waterlogged, rugged, or rocky soil because their tubers do not develop well in these conditions. Sweet potatoes should be grown in slightly acidic soil to increase their sweetness and quality. The pH of the soil is vital for this. The value should be in the range of 5.8 to 6.8.
Sweet Potato Cultivation Climate and Temperature
Sweet potatoes are thought to grow best in tropical and subtropical climates. Therefore, it is generally cultivable in India during all three seasons. However, it should only be grown commercially during the summer or rainy season. Its plants thrive during the summer and rainy seasons. However, its plants do not develop well in the winter because frost is considered unsuitable for cultivation. It is primarily grown in Central India in India. Its cultivation requires an average of 80 to 100 cm of rainfall per year.
Sweet potato tubers require a temperature of around 22 degrees to germinate at first. A 25 to 30 degrees temperature is considered ideal for developing sweet potato plants after germination. Its plants can withstand a maximum temperature of 35 degrees Fahrenheit in the summer. However, irrigation of plants is more critical at this time.
Sweet Potato Varieties That Have Been Improved
Numerous improved sweet potato varieties have been developed based on their colour and yield. Three species are identified based on the colour of the tubers. The tubers of which are yellow, red, and white.
- ST 14
- Punjab Sweet Potato 21
- Bhu Krishna
- ST 13
- Pusa White
- Pusa Red
- Rajendra Sweet Potato
- Pusa Suhawani
- CO- 1, 2
- H- 268
- class 4
- Jawahar Sweet Potato – 145
- H- 41
- Bhuvan Sankar
Sweet Potato Farm Preparation
The soil must be clean and friable for sweet potato cultivation. To accomplish this, destroy the remains of old crops in the field at the start of field preparation. And plough the field deeply with ploughs that turn the soil. This type of operation can benefit from a powerful tractor and a Power Tiller.
After that, leave the field open for a few days to kill any pests of soil-borne diseases that may be present. After that, apply an appropriate amount of old cow dung manure or other organic manure to the field in the form of organic waste and thoroughly mix it into the soil. Plough the field two or three times diagonally with the cultivator to mix the manure into the soil.
Using running water, pulverise the field after ploughing. After three to four days of ploughing, when the top surface of the soil appears slightly dry, plough the field again and use the rotavator. As a result, the ground in the area begins to appear flaky. After that, make it flat by running a pat through the field to prevent waterlogging during rainstorms.
In flat land, sweet potatoes are planted in beds. After properly ploughing and levelling the field, beds are prepared to maintain proper distance in the area. There should be about two feet between each of the buns during this time.
Profit and Yield
The average crop per hectare of various sweet potato varieties is found to be around 25 tonnes. Simultaneously, its market price is estimated to be around Rs 10 per kg. As a result, if the farmer brother receives a price of Rs.6 per kg, the farmer brother can easily earn from one hectare to 1.25 lakh at a time.
In the Indian farming sector, various types of farm implements are available. For example, an earth auger can help you to dig holes.
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